Colorectal surgery deals with surgery of the colon, rectum and anus. It is performed to treat a broad range of ailments and conditions ranging from piles (hemorrhoids) to colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. It is a highly specialized branch of surgery requiring expertise in laparoscopy, endoscopy as well as traditional open surgery. Colorectal diseases are widely prevalent in a lot of individuals. However, many patients ignore the symptoms and don’t seek treatment. Common symptoms like lower abdominal pain, altered bowel habits, blood in the stools and straining during passing stools are often not evaluated properly. There is a lot of misconception regarding the need for surgery, type of surgery, and benefits from surgery. Proper diagnosis is important followed by opinion from an expert in colorectal surgery.
“You can contact our experts in colorectal surgery in U.A.E. if you suffer from any of the following conditions.”
- Hemorrhoids (piles)
- Anal fissure
- Anal fistula
- Ulcerative colitis
- Crohns disease
- Colon cancer
- Rectal prolapse
- Obstructed defecation syndrome
- Solitary rectal ulcer
- Pilonidal sinus
Hemorrhoids (piles) : Hemorrhoids are swellings that can develop inside and around the anus. It occurs when the veins around the anus become engorged with excess blood. Hemorrhoids develop due to constipation and excessive straining. Hemorrhoids cause bleeding and pain while passing stools.
Anal fissure : Anal Fissure is a small crack or tear, near the lining of the anus. It usually occurs due to passing hard stools frequently. It causes bleeding with sharp pain and burning sensation.
Anal fistula : Anal Fistula is a small channel that can develop in proximity to the skin and bowel in the anus. It causes a lot of pain accompanied with pus discharge and bleeding during passage of stool.
Ulcerative colitis : Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic disease of the colon, in which the lining of the large intestine becomes inflamed and forms ulcers. Patient develops diarrhea with blood and mucus.
Crohns disease : Crohns Disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes severe inflammation in the lining of the colon causing abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood in the stool and weight loss.
Polyposis : Polyposis are genetic conditions in which multiple polyps (tissue overgrowth in the lining of the colon) are formed in the colon and rectum. Some of these polyps can turn into cancer.
Colorectal cancer : This is the cancer arising from the large bowel. It is one of the commonest forms of cancer. Screening for this cancer is recommended for all healthy individuals above the age of 50 years. Screening is best done by colonoscopy once every 10 years or by testing the stool for occult blood once a year. Patients with colon cancer present with change in bowel habits, usually with constipation and bleeding in the stools. Colon cancer is one of the most well treatable cancers.
Diverticulitis : Diverticula are small pouches that can form in the lower part of the colon. In some patients, these pouches become inflamed or infected causing severe lower abdominal pain, constipation and fever.
Rectal Prolapse : Rectal Prolapse is a serious medical condition in which the rectum loses its normal attachments inside the body and, as a result, protrudes out and sometimes turns inside out, causing much discomfort and embarrassment.
Obstructed Defecation Syndrome : Obstructed defecation syndrome is a common problem among patients, in which a person is unable to pass stool normally through the rectum. Patient feels a sense of blockage while passing stools, strains while passing stools and after passing stool, there is a feeling that some more stool is still remaining to be passed.
Solitary rectal ulcer : Solitary Rectal Ulcer is a uncommon disorder in which ulcers develop in the lower rectum, causing straining and bleeding during bowel movement and a feeling of incomplete evacuation of stool.
Pilonidal Sinus : Pilonidal Sinus is a small cyst that occurs in the skin between the buttocks. It usually contains hair, debris and dirt. It causes severe pain and if it becomes infected, there is bleeding and foul smell.